Pituitary Tumor and Pituitary Adenoma Treatment
Pituitary tumor (Pituitary Adenoma) treatment include surgical resection, radiotherapy and medication. The choice of treatment must be based on the nature of the tumor, size, compression and erosion of surrounding tissue with the pituitary function.
1. Surgical treatment: the first choice, including craniotomy and transsphenoidal surgery. Pituitary apoplexy should have emergency surgery, postoperative use of antibiotics to prevent infection, as appropriate, may be combined; the use of neurotrophic drug rehabilitation can promote brain cells.
2. Radiation Therapy: General radiotherapy on pituitary adenomas have a certain effect, only the control of tumor development, and sometimes to reduce the tumor, resulting in improved visual perspective, but can not cure; Only pituitary tumor can be cured by the head of gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS).
3. Medication: Pituitary dysfunction can be an alternative to drug treatment, the secretion of functional pituitary adenoma inhibit hormone secretion choose too many drugs. Secretion of functional non-adenomas can be prednisone, cortisone, thyroid hormone tablets, methyl testosterone, such as pituitrin replacement therapy to improve the pituitary hypofunction. Cancer drug therapy: Bromocriptine for PRL and GH adenoma adenoma, cyproheptadine for GH adenomas and ACTH adenomas, amino derivative can sleep for ACTH adenoma. Are easy to relapse after stopping often as after surgery or radiotherapy for a supplementary drug.