Patent ductus arteriosus
Treatment for Patent ductus arteriosus is control liquid volume, use diuretics, to maintain the oxygen supply, intravenously indomethacin, surgical ligation for catheter closure.
Tests for Patent ductus arteriosus diagnosis include X-ray, ECG, Echocardiography, Cardiac catheterization; showed ventricular hypertroph, left ventricle increased, widened aorta.
Symptoms and signs of Patent ductus arteriosus is pulmonary blood flow increased, pulmonary artery and branches expanded, apex beat enhanced and to the left shift, cardiac dullness expand.
Patent ductus arteriosus cause is Genetic, impact on heart embryonic development in fetal period, such as pregnant woman rubella, influenza, mumps, Coxsackie virus infection and more.
Patent ductus arteriosus is a relatively common congenital cardiovascular malformations, arterial duct does not close and continuing to open up after birth, occur in preterm infants.