Heart & Cardiovascular Disorders
Treatment for Mitral stenosis include diuretics, restricted sodium intake, digitalis, anticoagulant therapy; surgical is Percutaneous mitral balloon dissection, Artificial valve replacement.
Some tests use to diagnosis for Mitral stenosis include X-ray examination, ECG, Echocardiography, Inspection of radionuclides, Right heart catheterization.
Complication of Mitral stenosis include Arrhythmia, Congestive heart failure and acute pulmonary edema, cerebral embolism, Lung infection, Sub-acute infective endocarditis.
Symptoms of Mitral stenosis is Breathing difficulties, Cough, Hemoptysis, hemosputum, pink sputum, Chest pain, Thromboembolism, hoarseness, loss of appetite, abdominal distension, nausea.
Causes of Mitral stenosis is rheumatic fever, chronic rheumatic heart valve disease, congenital mitral ring calcification, mitral valve dysplasia, connective tissue lesions, aortic insufficiency.
Mitral stenosis is formation of the inflammatory edema in valve at the junction and bottom, as a result of fibrosis and calcinosis, extensive valve thickening, adhesion, fusion tendons shorten.
Treatment for Mitral valve prolapse is β-blockers, prophylactic antibiotics, phenytoin, quinidine, aspirin, antiplatelet, anticoagulant drugs and valve repair surgical, artificial valve replacement.
Diagnosis for Mitral valve prolapse include X-ray examination show increased left atrium and left ventricle, abnormal chest bone; ECG show biphasic or inverted T wave; Echocardiography.
Complications of Mitral valve prolapse include Congestive heart failure, Infective endocarditis, arrhythmia, sudden death, Transient cerebral ischemia and embolization.
Symptoms of Mitral valve prolapse is Chest pain, Palpitations, Dyspnea, fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, vascular migraine; signs include hear systolic click at Cardiac auscultation.
Mitral valve prolapse is a congenital connective tissue disease, cause unknown; maybe caused by myxoid mitral valve degeneration, abnormal chordae tendineae, mitral valve uneven stress.
Mitral valve prolapse is condition that the abnormal mitral valve, lead to valvular abnormalities in ventricular systolic and drop into the left atrium.
Mitral annular calcification is chronic fibrous non-inflammatory mitral valve, information on Mitral annular calcification causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment.
Treatment for Mitral regurgitation is vasodilator, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, sodium nitroprusside, nitroglycerin, Surgery include valve repair, artificial valve replacement.
Some tests use to diagnosis for Mitral regurgitation include X-ray examination, ECG, Echocardiography, Radionuclide examination, Right heart catheterization.
Symptoms and signs of Mitral regurgitation is breathing difficulties, fatigue, heart failure, hepatomegaly, congestion of liver, pleural effusion or ascites, acute pulmonary edema.
Causes of Mitral regurgitation include Rheumatic fever lead to mitral valve damage, coronary heart disease, congenital malformations, mitral annular calcification, left ventricular expansion.
Mitral regurgitation (mitral insufficiency) is any abnormal or dysfunctional in four consists of Mitral valve such as valve, valve ring, chordae tendineae and papillary muscles.
Arteriosclerosis prevention and remedies is reduce fat intake, no smoking, take exercise, mood regulation; healthy diet for atherosclerosis is eat less food with high cholesterol, eat food with rich vitamins.
Treatment for Atherosclerosis is surgical, medication to expand vascular, reduce blood cholesterol or blood triglyceride, antiplatelet, such as aspirin, nicotinic acid, unsaturated fatty acid.
Diagnosis for atherosclerosis include Laboratory tests, angiography, X-ray, MRI, CT scan, Hemorrheology, Intravascular ultrasonic, color Doppler, pulse wave velocity (PWV).
Pathological changes of Atherosclerosis is lipid stripes appear in the artery wall, fiber plaque lesions and composite lesions, and lead to circulatory system or individual organ dysfunction.
symptoms and signs of Atherosclerosis include mental and physical depression, palpitations, chest pain, chest tightness, headache, dizziness, cold limbs, reduced vision, decreased memory, insomnia.
Risk factors of Atherosclerosis include hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, obesity, diabetes, lack of exercise, tension, old age, family medical history.
Causes of Atherosclerosis is lipid metabolism disorders, cholesterol, Thrombosis and platelet aggregation, injury response, single cell breeding, to affect vasomotor, vessel wall metabolism.
Atherosclerosis is arteriosclerosis begin with intima, accumulation of lipids and complex carbohydrates, hemorrhage and thrombosis, fibrous tissue hyperplasia, artery calcification.
Arteriosclerosis is a vascular disease that cause arterial wall thickening, hardening, loss of flexibility and narrow lumen, include atherosclerosis, arteriolar sclerosis and medial calcinosis.
Sinus tachycardia is condition that sinoatrial node heart rate frequency is more than 100 times per minute in adults, information on Sinus tachycardia causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention.
Sinus arrest is that sinus node impulse can not produce; causes is increased vagal tone, acute myocardial infarction, drugs; Symptoms is dizzy, ECG to diagnosis, sinus arrest Treatment.
Treatment for Patent ductus arteriosus is control liquid volume, use diuretics, to maintain the oxygen supply, intravenously indomethacin, surgical ligation for catheter closure.