Flatfoot is foot shape that longitudinal arch collapse or disappearance of foot flexibility caused by adequate bone morphogenetic abnormalities, muscle atrophy, ligament contracture or chronic foot strain and lead to foot pain. Type of Flatfoot include flexible flatfoot and rigid flatfoot. The main clinical manifestations station for a long time or walking foot pain or discomfort, with eversion standing, feet flat, the former foot outreach, scaphoid tubercle tenderness swelling, reduce the rest, the late development of spastic flatfoot, and may cause complications of osteoarthritis.
What is spastic flatfoot?
Spastic flatfoot(Rigid flatfoot): The disease was particularly prevalent in adolescence, characterized by adequate pain, muscle tension or spasm fibula and valgus foot deformities. Etiology can be divided into congenital and acquired two former includes among boat with complete and incomplete bone bridge, and with the dice with the distance between the column and the vertical distance of bone, the scaphoid dysplasia or pay scaphoid . Lesions mainly in the joints from the boat, away from the bone dysplasia, the bones from the neck are the main reasons for short. Factors of the day after tomorrow flexible flatfoot happened between the tarsal degenerative joint arthritis, followed by rheumatoid arthritis, non-specific joint synovitis, caused damage. Flatfoot on the signs and there is standing or walking foot pain, calcaneal eversion, foot away from the boat or the inside of joints Department pressure pain, foot restricted activity, X-line from the boat have degenerative joint changes in arthritis , tarsal bridge, to pay or scaphoid bone dysplasia, such as distance, and to exclude tuberculosis, such as tumor disease known as flatfoot.
What is the Flexible flatfoot?
Flexible flatfoot static (relaxation flatfoot) characteristics: longitudinal arch load-bearing when the subsidence or disappearance; heel valgus; gravity line shift; Achilles tendon contracture; not load-bearing exist when the longitudinal arch; subtalar joint activity easily over the inside and outside; general clinical symptoms or no symptoms of a very light; general no treatment or only symptomatic treatment.
Flatfoot occur in children and young adults, if there are many congenital At the onset of symptoms after the age of 10, often due to a variety of injury and fatigue, and obesity-induced, mostly bilateral. Focus on the prevention of this disease, the general line many non-surgical therapy can be effective, a small number of patients need surgical treatment, they will also get a better effect.