Bone, joint & Muscle Disorders
Symptom of bone tumors is pain, mass, adjacent barriers to joint activity, tumor oppress the blood vessels, nerve or spinal cord, and cause the blood circulation obstacles, neuralgia or paralysis.
Type of bone tumor include osteogenic tumor, cartilaginous tumor, Ciant Cell Tumor of bone, bone marrow tumor, vascular tumor, connective tissue tumor, tumor-like lesions.
Bone tumor is tumor which occurred in bone tissue (bone, cartilage, and periosteum), or its affiliated organizations (bone marrow, fat, vascular and nerve).
Chondroblastoma is treated by the tumor curettage and bone grafting, local excision or large excision of the tumor.
Chondroblastoma is diagnosed by X-ray examination, tumor confined to the origin of the epiphysis, the central bone parts were oval or circular lesions damage.
Symptom of Chondroblastoma is shoulder pain and restricted activity, and further swelling of the proximal humerus, macronodular tenderness, join thydrops.
Chondroblastoma, Codman tumor, is less common Cancer of epiphyseal cartilage, occurred at the termination of endochondral osteogenesis ago, epiphysis of long bone centers.
Complications of Osteogenesis Imperfecta is fracture, Thoracic spine changes, neurological disorder including hydrocephalus, cranial nerve compression.
Osteogenesis imperfecta treatment is to prevent fractures, increase bone strength, improve bone marrow function, use rocaltrol capsule and Miacalcic.
Osteogenesis imperfecta is diagnosed by X-ray examination that expressed in Osteopenia and osteoporosis; laboratory tests showed blood alkaline phosphatase increase.
Osteogenesis Imperfecta Symptoms include skeletal dysplasia, osteoporosis, increased brittleness and deformity, blue sclera and hearing loss, Repeated fracture.
Osteogenesis Imperfecta is caused by congenital disease, showed autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance, collagen type I (Pro-α 1 or Pro-α 2) chain gene mutations.
Osteogenesis imperfecta, is a rare congenital bone dysplasia disease that increase bone brittleness and collagen metabolic disorder.
Treatment of Osteochondritis Dissecans for children is alleviate pain, prevent corpus liberum; treatment for adults need to surgery, repair of articular cartilage surface.
Osteochondritis dissecans is diagnosed by X-ray examination, MRI test and arthroscopy, and showed articular cartilage and subchondral bone shape and signal change.
Osteochondritis Dissecans Symptoms include joint dull pain, increase activity, reduce in rest, light swelling, twisted locks, hematoma and traumatic arthritis.
Osteochondritis Dissecans Causes is Trauma, bone and cartilage damage, Endocrine and genetic factors, resulting in joint function obstacles.
Osteochondritis dissecans is traumatic osteochondral fracture or repeated minor trauma lead to vascular barriers, bone loss and necrosis of cartilage.
Chondromalacia Patella treatment is surgery include cartilage superficial cutting, cutting of bone cartilage and bone drilling and patella plasty, patellar resection.
The diagnosis of Chondromalacia Patella is mainly medical examinations, patella grinding test pressure, X-ray examination and radionuclide bone imaging examination.
Chondromalacia Patella symptoms include Pain under the patella, should not squat, patellar cartilage damage, patellofemoral joint surface not smooth or narrow space.
Cause of Chondromalacia Patella is Bio-mechanical factors such as trauma, patellar instability; Biochemical factors such as auto-immune, cartilage nutrition disorders, cartilage dissolution.
Chondromalacia Patella is that direct trauma lead to knee patella cartilage or osteochondral fracture, or for many injuries, such as sports injury, caused by degenerative changes in cartilage.
Treatment of patellar fracture should be to maximize the restoration of the smooth articular surface, to give a more solid fixation and early knee joint activity.
The doctor can diagnosis of patellar fracture base on clinical symptoms and X-ray, and determine the extent of extensor retinaculum injury.
Patella Fracture Symptoms include intra-articular fracture hemarthrosis, subcutaneous hematoma, swelling, subcutaneous ecchymosis, and knee skin abrasions.
Patella Fracture is caused by direct violence or indirect violence; Direct violence direct attack the patella; Indirect violence due to severe contraction of the quadriceps.
Patella fracture is a fracture of the kneecap (patella), Patella is the largest sesamoid, is also an integral part of the knee.
Treatment for Osteitis deformation include Drug therapy (Calcitonin, phosphate, plicamycin, Sodium fluoride); surgical treatment with suboccipital craniotomy.
Diagnosis for Osteitis deformation include Blood alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Urine hydroxyproline (HYP), Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and PTH normal, and X-ray.